SOUL has completed the first steps in becoming a federally registered not-for
Originally registered as a Society in British Columbia in 2003, SOUL is
working on becoming more active across all of Canada and this new
registration is an important step in that process.
What does this mean for SOUL and our members?
Over the next few months memberships, contracts and finances will be
transitioned to the new corporation, with plans to complete the transition
this fall out our 2018 AGM.
If you have any questions or concerns about any of this, please don’t hesitate
to contact our Executive Director at firstname.lastname@example.org
Worms are amazing creatures. The “Red Wiggler” composting worm
can take care of your left overs that have stayed too long as left overs.
Although worms, or microorganisms first, eat organic material,
avoid meat/fish, dairy, oils and too much citrus. These can be broken down
over time but can attract unwanted pests.
Worms need a place to live (bins) and bedding to live in. Preferably,
the bins should have a lid and be a minimum of 30 cms. (12 ins.) deep with
side air holes and bottom drainage holes. This drainage liquid can stain, so
a catch basin under your bin is helpful. Common bedding materials can be
coconut fibre (COIR), peat moss, cardboard, newspaper or paper and must
be moist like a dampened cloth.
Worms are eating machines and can ingest ½ their body weight a day if
food is small enough. After they have digested this food, they poop it out,
and, voila, you have the “black gold” called vermicompost. Vermicompost is a
combination of castings, microorganisms, decomposing “leftovers” and
bedding. It is a nutritionally rich organic fertilizer and a great additive to
any growing medium. As well, you can make exceptional teas and brews
There is more to say, but you are ready to start vermicomposting so
- David Greig, MEd, HTR, Cert. Organic Land Care Professional, Cert. Soil
Steward, Master Composter
Has had worms for over 25 years but don’t tell his partner.
SOUL would like to welcome Sundaura Alford as our new Executive Director. Sundaura is an Accredited Practitioner and owner/designer of A Cultivated Art Inc. in Ottawa. Sundaura strives to bring sustainability, along with functionality and beauty, to all her landscapes. Sundaura is active within the Ottawa gardening community as well as with Landscape Ontario and willing to bring this experience to SOUL.
A note from Sundaura:
“While I hadn't been looking for work beyond what I do through my Landscape Design business, when I saw in the fall newsletter that SOUL was seeking a part time Executive Director I decided that it was time to put together an updated résumé.
I applaud the vision and mission of SOUL and I feel that my extensive experience in the horticultural industry, along with my recently completed six years as an active board member in the Ottawa Chapter of Landscape Ontario Horticultural Trade Association, gives me a combination of skills, experience and contacts that will be helpful in moving SOUL through the next stage of development.
The wider adoption of a more sustainable standard for landscaping and gardening within educational programs, governmental policy and the green industry over the next few years is something that I believe to be very important. Working with SOUL will allow me to assist in bringing about this change to a greater extent than purely through my work designing sustainable landscapes.
I'm very pleased that the board has decided to offer me the position and I am looking forward to working with the volunteers and members of SOUL over the coming months and years.”
Welcome to SOUL Sundaura, we look forward to working with you too!
SOUL is applying to have a job title added to the National Occupational Certification (NOC). The NOC, a systemic taxonomy of all occupations in the Canadian Labour Market, is used by the federal Government and employers to reflect ongoing occupational research. You can learn more about the NOC here.
In order to complete the application, we need to compile some information from organic gardeners, landscapers and/or horticulturalists. Please tell us a little bit about your professional education and experience by completing this short survey before midnight (local time) November 19, 2017.
You can view the Presentation from our AGM here. If you have any questions about SOUL's NOC application please email email@example.com
Mulching is spreading organic, or inorganic, material over exposed soil to
protect soil and plants from the elements. In the warmer months mulch keeps
the soil cool so less water is lost to evaporation, in the cooler months it
insulates the ground. Additionally, mulch may also suppress weeds and
prevent soil compaction and erosion. If it’s done properly, it can add a
finished look to the garden. There are many benefits to mulching, but it
needs to be done right.
Both organic and inorganic mulch are available for your garden. Inorganic
mulch is not allowed under the SOUL organic standard. Organic mulch,
however, will break down, adding organic matter to the soil.
not more than a few inches thick.
Types of Mulch
Inorganic Mulch (not recommended under the SOUL Standards)
I recently moved to a Plant Hardiness Zone 6 and unlike my previous Zone 5, Japanese Beetles are
everywhere. My neighbour regularly plucks them off her rosebushes and, wanting to avoid
pesticides, asked me what else she can do. This little green and coppery-red beetle is all over
warmer parts of Canada and the US. CFIA has protocols in place in Vancouver for handling
Japanese Beetle infestations without spreading them. In light of this, I thought I would share some
findings on how to control, or at least limit the spread of, the Japanese Beetle.
Japanese Beetles feast on the flowers and leaves of over 300 plants and trees. Not only that, a
female will lay approximately 50 eggs at a time, making it easy for numbers to get out of control.
Like all beetles they go through the egg, larvae (grub), pupae, adult life cycle. Fortunately, they are
susceptible to cultural, biological, and chemical defenses at different stages.
In the grub stage:
Milky Spore attacks the white grubs of the Japanese Beetle before it can develop into an adult, this
takes a couple of years to work, but will last for 10 years.
Nematodes are beneficial against the Japanese Beetle with the most effective species being
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (commercially available as Heteromask, NemaSeek or Terranem).
Starlings are the biggest aerial predator of Japanese beetle and will enjoy them as grubs or adults
Chemical: Mix 2 tbsp dishwashing soap diluted in 1 ga of water and spread of 1000 sq ft. This will
force the grubs to the surface of the soil where predators will pick them up (choose soaps
made from animal or vegetable oils in accordance with the SOUL Standard).
In the adult stage:
Cultural: Knock the beetles into a bucket of soapy water, the soap will prevent them from flying
away and they will eventually drown.
Chemical: Neem oil (the SOUL Standard allows neem oil when registered for use in Canada)
Remember, pesky insects like the Japanese Beetle can be a sign that something isn’t right the
garden. Be sure to address overall soil and plant health and keep soil microbes happy.
Japanese Beetles also love turf grass, opting for real grass over turf may go a long way.
For more information on Japanese Beetle and how to combat it, check out the sources below.
Master Gardeners of Hamilton County, TN
Planet Natural Research Centre
Gardeners Supply Company
Compost tea is a hot topic during the gardening season. Pumping air through a mixture of compost and water will draw the aerobic microbes on the compost into the mixture for ease of spreading on your garden and lawn. With the right ingredients, and a good brewer, compost tea is easy to make to promote soil and plant health.
Making it: Using non-chlorinated water, good quality compost and microbe food, pump air through the mixture for 24-48 hours. Once the brewing is complete, it should be used within six hours to ensure the undesirable anaerobic microbes don’t take over. The tea can be used as is, or diluted to cover as much area as possible.
The science: Pushing the air mixes the microbes from the compost into the water, where they flourish on oxygen and microbe food. Steeped tea (no air bubbles) may not sufficiently activate aerobic microbes, and anaerobic microbes could proliferate, creating an ineffective compost tea.
Benefits of using compost tea:
· Spray it directly on plant leaves to protect them from disease;
· A little goes a long way, tea can cover a larger area than the same amount of compost on it’s own;
· Your soil will love the extra microbes
For more information about compost tea or to purchase a brewer visit
The Organic Gardener’s Pantry (www.gardenerspantry.ca) or Smiling Gardener (www.smilinggardener.com)
SOUL is seeking a part-time Executive Director. Reporting to the board of directors, the successful candidate will be an innovative, driven individual with strong leadership skills and experience with not-for-profit governance that will help take SOUL to the next level. Other qualifications should include securing funding, project management, and knowledge of the Organic Land Care Standards.
This is a work from home position with a flexible schedule, some evening and weekend work may be required.
Roles and responsibilities include:
Please submit your cover letter and resume by September 30 to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Society for Organic Urban Land Care (SOUL)